Pomeranian Care


The Pomeranian is one of the most popular “toys” or miniature dogs in the world. Due to its sweet expression and cuddly appearance, many are those who end up being attracted to this breed and decide to adopt it to enjoy a loyal, affectionate and intelligent dog. However, very few know that the character of this dog also stands out for being strong, active and curious, so it also requires exercise, attention and special care.

Pomeranian grooming long

To ensure that your furry companion is comfortable and happy, in this Pet Expert article we will talk about the basic care of the puppy, adult and senior Pomeranian, read on!

Pomeranian coat care

Undoubtedly, the abundant, silky, and long coat is the most characteristic feature of the Pomeranian. However, its beauty must be worked on through proper care.

Pomeranian puppy hair care

Between the ages of four and eight months, the Pomeranian puppy undergoes a significant shedding of its coat, losing practically all of its hair. This process is carried out with a clear purpose: to shed its puppy coat to make way for adult hair. This is natural, so we should not be alarmed if we see that our Pomeranian puppy loses a lot of hair during this time. Also, with this same process, we observe in some specimens variations of color. In general, white, black, or tan dogs do not usually feel this color change, however, those that are rather cream, orange or reddish, can feel it.

During the first molting of the Pomeranian puppy, it is advisable to start daily brushing both to favor it and to speed up the process. In this way, we will also get the animal used to this habit and we will make it a pleasant activity for him.

Care of the coat of the adult Pomeranian

From the age of eight months, it is considered that the Pomeranian already has its adult coat, however, it can continue to fill up until it reaches three years of age. The coat of this dog breed consists of two layers, the outer one, with a long and smooth coat, and the inner one, denser, shorter, and woolly. Thus, the care of the adult Pomeranian’s coat should be focused on maintaining both layers, avoiding those products and brushes that can damage any of them. In this sense, the brush is known as “furminator”, despite its excellent results with the majority of dogs, in dogs with the characteristics of the Pomeranian can cause the breaking of the coat. For them, we will use several brushes for different purposes:

– Soft brush, double coat brush, or long bristle brush for daily brushing. These tools allow us to keep the coat in perfect condition, always brushing in favor of the hair, in layers, and without pulling.

– Rake or metal comb to untangle the hairIn case there is any knot, we will have to remove it with these tools, being very careful and avoiding damaging the animal.
If we cannot brush our dog every day, it is essential to do it at least twice a weekAnd, during the molting season, which tends to accumulate a large amount of dead hair, it will be essential to do it daily.

In addition to brushing, it is advisable to go to the groomer to trim the excess hair and keep the coat in its proper size. In this regard, it should be noted that it is not recommended to shave the Pomeranian, as we would leave the animal exempt from its main function, to protect its skin, and we would damage the hair follicles of the coat.

Happy Pomeranian in grooming session

Pomeranian hygienic care

After the brushing, and to continue with the basic care of the Pomeranian, we will proceed to check its ears to clean them if necessary. Likewise, we will check the state of his eyes and we will remove the accumulated eye-mites every day because this canine breed is prone to them. Finally, we will check the length of their nails, since, like most small dogs, they tend to grow quickly and, therefore, we must cut them often to prevent the animal from developing health problems or having difficulty walking. 

Bathing the Pomeranian

Of course, to keep the Pomeranian’s hygiene in perfect conditions, it is necessary to bathe him regularly or to do it when he is really dirty. In general, baths are recommended every month or two months, because if we carry out this practice too often, the coat of the Pomeranian could be damaged.

If you have just adopted a puppy, it is important to emphasize that the first bath cannot be done until the animal has all its vaccinations and is correctly dewormed. We also recommend using a specific shampoo for puppies.
Once it reaches adulthood, we will use shampoo and conditioner to keep its coat properly hydrated. When selecting products, we recommend choosing quality products, specially designed for long hair and, if desired, to give more volume to the coat. Before bathing the Pomeranian, brush its coat and carefully untangle it. Once this is done, wet the whole coat and apply the shampoo all over the body, gently massaging the skin and avoiding the eyes, ears, and mouth. 

Then, rinse with plenty of warm water and repeat the process. Finally, apply a little conditioner, leave it on for five minutes and rinse.

After the bath, it is necessary to dry the Pomeranian’s coat to prevent it from catching a cold. To do this, we can use the hairdryer and place it at least 30 cm away, keeping an eye on the temperature to avoid burning or discomfort. As a trick to give volume to the dog’s hair, start drying against the grain and then in favor of the hair. If you want, you can use one of the brushes designed for combing, not untangling.

See the tricks of Alyssy to groom her Pom

Pom tooth care

The Pomeranian is a dog prone to excessive tartar formation, as well as to the development of dental problems. For this reason, keeping the hygiene of its teeth in perfect conditions is fundamental if we want to avoid that it loses its teeth in the future. To guarantee it, it is necessary to accustom the animal from puppyhood to clean its teeth frequently and, if necessary, to perform dental hygiene at the veterinary clinic.

On the other hand, during the puppy stage, and due to the growth of its teeth, we can observe how the animal tries to bite absolutely everything. At this time, it is necessary to teach the Pomeranian both to inhibit his bite and to use the appropriate objects by providing him with toys for this purpose.

Emptying the anal glands of your Pom

As with all dogs, the Pomeranian’s anal glands store a lubricating substance which, if not empty, can lead to serious infections. In general, it is recommended to do it once a month, by the veterinarian, the groomer, or by yourself if you know how to do it. If you prefer the latter option, we recommend consulting our first article: “Everything you should know about anal glands”.

Exercise for a happy Pomeranian

Despite its adorable appearance, the Pomeranian is an active and intelligent dog, which needs walks, exercise, and lots of games to keep it well stimulated. Thus, two to three walks a day are recommended, occupying a total of 45-90 minutes a day in the case of adult dogs.

Pom Puppy Exercise

During the puppy stage, it is important not to force the animal to perform very intense exercise or for a very long time, since we could damage the development of its joints. Therefore, we will carry out shorter walks to initiate its socialization and to accustom it to its new environment, to the presence of other people, animals, objects, landscapes, and noises. If this is not done, the Pomeranian could become distrustful, fearful, and barking as a consequence.

If he does not yet have the mandatory vaccinations, we can take him outdoors but with more caution. This means that we can take him outside in our arms so that he starts to become familiar with it or let him walk in places that we know are safe, without other animals or risks for the little one.

Exercising the adult Pomeranian

Once reached adult age, we will have to guarantee the mentioned daily time and to intersperse it with games at home. For this, we can make use of intelligence games, which will keep his mind stimulated, as well as toys adapted to his jaw. In this sense, food dispenser toys such as the kong are perfect, since they guarantee that the animal is entertained, associates the activity with a positive stimulus, and keeps it active. We can even use it if we are going out of the house for a few hours.

Veterinary care of a Pomeranian

Due to excessive crossbreeding between members of the same family to reach the breed we know today, the Pomeranian tends to suffer from genetic problems, dislocation, eye diseases, and, as we have already mentioned, dental problems. To prevent them and detect them in time, it is essential to go to regular visits to the veterinarian, as well as to keep up on the date of the vaccination and deworming schedule.

Especially if we have just adopted a puppy, we must ensure proper deworming to prevent the arrival of fleas and ticks, as well as vaccination to prevent the spread of diseases that attack mainly during this stage, such as canine parvovirus.


Attention, affection, and love, but without stress 


The Pomeranian is a loving dog that needs a lot of attention from its human companions. However, this does not mean that it likes to be always in your arms, because it is not like that. Despite being an animal that demands a lot of love, it also prefers to have its space respected and not to feel overwhelmed, so the most appropriate way to meet its emotional needs is through caresses, good words, and, above all, positive reinforcement.

Especially when the Pomeranian is old, it is essential to offer all the attention and affection that the animal demands.

Pomeranian puppy sleep and hug

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