How to raise a Pomeranian?

How to raise a Pomeranian?

The Pomeranian is one of the most popular spitz-type dogs in the world, probably thanks to its beauty and gentle nature. Although they also stand out for their docility, these dogs require that their guardians provide them with a good education and teach them the basic obedience commands.

We should know that education and training is what will allow the Pomeranian to live in harmony, respect the rules of the home and avoid certain behavioral problems common in the breed, such as separation anxiety or possessive behavior, also known as “resource guarding”.

In this pet expert article we have prepared a complete guide for you to know how to raise a Pomeranian correctly. We will explain some of the “secrets” of the breed, some basic tips and everything you need to teach him. Read on!

Get to know your Pom before training him

While we can talk about some common guidelines and basic criteria of dog training, we need to understand that each dog is unique and singular. When it comes to learning, each animal will need its own time and must rely on the dedication and knowledge of its guardian to absorb and correctly reproduce the commands, tasks or tricks. Therefore, knowing your dog is the first and most essential step to give him a correct education.

The Pomeranian is the smallest representative of the spitz family, which attracts attention for its smooth, silky and voluminous coat, which requires certain specific cares to keep it beautiful and healthy. Although their ancestors have historically been trained as cattle dogs, this toy-type dog has been bred to be a true “lap dog”. They are extremely affectionate with their guardians, demanding constant attention. They can become overly spoiled dogs when not properly trained.

They are recognized for their great intelligence and ease of learning, characteristics that facilitate their training. They are also active dogs that need to exercise and stimulate their mind to maintain a balanced character and prevent behavioral problems.

To unveil the “Pomeranian secrets” and to better understand your best friend, we suggest you to review a little canine language. With these tips, you will be able to improve your communication with your furry friend and you will feel more prepared to start educating him.

Prepare yourself before you start training your Pomeranian 

Before you start training your Pomeranian , you will need to be introduced to dog training to learn the basic guidelines, methods and fundamentals.

After being introduced in the context of canine education, it will be essential to assemble your own training kit with the following items:

  • Collar/harness
  • Regulatory leash
  • Long leash
  • Bum bag
  • Treats or snacks
  • Toys
  • Clicker (optional)

In theory, the clicker is not an indispensable item in dog training. However, its correct use greatly facilitates the trainer’s work and, in your case, it will be a great ally during training sessions with your dog.

Your Pomeranian’s education must be adapted to your age 

The education, physical and mental stimulation of all dogs must be adapted to their age, state of health and physical constitution. You cannot start educating your Pomeranian puppy by presenting him with complex tasks or commands, as this will confuse him, may generate frustration and will not allow him to feel encouraged to continue learning.

Just like children, puppies should learn progressively, that is to say, they should start assimilating basic concepts and commands, which will later become the pillars of their learning. Little by little, as your Pomeranian puppy assimilates the basic household rules and incorporates the first dog obedience commands, you can progressively increase the difficulty of the tasks you propose.

At all stages of your Pomeranian’s education, remember to use positive reinforcement to stimulate his learning, thus rewarding his efforts and achievements. Positive training rejects any kind of physical or emotional abuse, such as punishment or scolding, in the educational process of dogs.

Rather than punishing misbehavior, positive reinforcement recognizes and encourages the assimilation of appropriate or desired behaviors, stimulating each furry’s cognitive, emotional and social skills. It also directly influences the bond with the guardian.

How to train a Pomeranian puppy?

The optimal age to start training a Pomeranian puppy is from three months of age, when the puppy is fully weaned and ready to start learning simple exercises. When deciding to adopt a puppy, it is very important to make sure that the weaning period is respected, that is to say that the puppy is not separated prematurely from its mother and siblings.

When this separation occurs prematurely, the dog may show socialization problems and learning difficulties, in addition to the risk of not fully developing its immune system, becoming especially vulnerable to the most common dog diseases.

However, if the puppies are born in your home, their education can start from birth, always respecting the limits and needs of their organism. Logically, you cannot start training a newborn puppy, since its body and mind are not yet ready to receive commands of this complexity. But you can teach them to recognize their own name and show them the rules of the household in everyday life.

For example, you can convey to them that they are not allowed to lie down on the bed, climb on the couch or rummage through the garbage by getting them down and reinforcing them for getting down and being on the floor. The goal is basically not to encourage behaviors in the puppy that you do not want to see in the adult dog. Remember that a bad behavior reinforced in these early stages will have to be corrected in adulthood, which is much more difficult than preventing it.

Regarding physical activity for puppies, remember that exercises should be low impact, always having an entertaining character. Play is key to the physical and mental stimulation of puppies, acting as a playful element that awakens their curiosity and invites them to develop their senses and intelligence.

You are a Pomeranian lover? Know everything about the breed

Pom Puppy training

Stages of training a Pomeranian puppy

To help you train a Pomeranian puppy, here are the stages in which its education should be divided from 3 to 12 months of age, when it can be considered as an adult dog.

– From 3 to 6 months: from 3 months, we can start teaching a puppy the basic dog obedience commands, such as: sit, stand up, stay still, come, lie down, walk with you and do not pull the leash. At this stage, the goal is to present only simple, unitary commands that do not require the execution of multiple tasks to achieve success. If we exaggerate the complexity of the proposed exercises, we will confuse the puppy and provoke a feeling of frustration, which will harm his learning. At this age, your Pomeranian will also be ready to learn to relieve himself in the street and begin his socialization, so you will need to introduce him to other dogs, animals, people and environments. Remember that socialization will be key for your Pomeranian to be able to relate positively to stimuli, individuals and objects in his environment, thus preventing behavioral problems.

– From 6 to 12 months: after your puppy has learned these basic commands, you can incorporate new commands to complement his training. In this second stage, we advise you to teach him to fetch the ball and to release objects. You can also add tricks and activities that you like and that are attractive to your dog, such as “give the paw”. Of course, always remember to respect your best friend’s time, and not to force him to practice any sport or exercise that is uncomfortable for him.

Check out 10 easy tricks that Katie taught her Pom

 Training an adult Pomeranian

When your Pomeranian has assimilated the commands of the basic level of dog training, you can enjoy and surprise yourself with the intelligence of your dog by proposing an advanced training. In this sense, we advise you to get to know searching or sowing, a great activity to start stimulating the senses and the intelligence of your Pomeranian. Later you will be able to teach him more advanced tricks and canine skills, such as playing dead, fetching objects, going to specific places?

On the other hand, you can also practice intelligence games at home with your Pomeranian, take him for walks in new environments, travel in his company, and teach him several funny tricks, taking advantage of the fact that your Pomeranian is very intelligent and loves to share moments with you. All this will serve as a complement to his basic education and will help to strengthen the bonds of friendship between you.

If you consider that you do not have time or do not have enough knowledge to deepen the education of your Pomeranian at home, the best thing to do is to go to a dog training center to have the guidance of a professional in advanced training. You will also find many tutorials on YouTube that will explain how to perform certain exercises.

How to calm a Pomeranian?

One of the most frequently asked questions by the tutors in the process of educating their dog is what to do to calm a Pomeranian, as these furry dogs can be really anxious or hyperactive, especially when they are puppies and young.

First of all, you should be aware that physical activity and mental stimulation are essential for any dog to maintain a balanced behavior and be calm. If your Pomeranian is not exercised enough and does not have an enriched home environment, where he can entertain himself and stimulate his cognitive abilities, he may show signs of stress and develop behavioral problems, such as destructiveness and separation anxiety.

In addition, you should consider that the Pomeranian is not a dog that likes or adapts well to solitude. In fact, these canines tend to demand attention from their guardians, so you’ll need to set aside special time for your best friend every day. A Pomeranian that spends many hours alone and does not receive the care he needs, may also have behavioral problems that will harm the coexistence with his family.

On the other hand, remember also that you should not reinforce your dog’s anxious or hyperactive behaviors by offering food or other rewards to make him stop this behavior. For example, if you offer a treat to calm your dog down and stop barking, your dog will most likely start to behave hyperactively and bark exaggeratedly every time he wants to get your attention or get something he wants.

On the other hand, you should reinforce positive behaviors, such as going to his place to rest, being calm when offered food, etc. You can also encourage these behaviors through obedience commands, asking him to sit or lie down when he is especially nervous.

But if your dog is always nervous or anxious, even if he practices exercises in due dosage and has a positive routine, we advise you to take him to the veterinarian, since hyperactivity can also have pathological causes. The professional will also evaluate if it is necessary to administer a tranquilizer, or if it is appropriate to use pheromones for anxiety or natural painkillers, such as valerian or Bach flowers, to help calm your Pomeranian.

Socialization is key in the education of a Pomeranian

Socialization will be a key aspect of your Pomeranian’s education. During the socialization process, your dog will be able to learn to relate positively to people, other dogs and animals, their toys and other stimuli in his environment. This will give him the opportunity to enjoy a healthy social life, as well as prevent behavioral problems, fears and phobias.

The optimal period to start socializing your Pomeranian is when he is still a puppy, more specifically during his first stages (between the third week and three months of life). During this phase, dogs form their basic notions of coexistence with other individuals, in addition to demonstrating a more flexible character, which favors learning. After completing their first cycle of vaccination and deworming, we should continue to offer them positive experiences with other people, dogs, animals and environments.

But if you have decided to adopt an adult Pomeranian, you should know that it is also possible to carry out the socialization process in adult dogs.

Pomeranian and cat

5 tips for a Pomeranian and his guardian

Finally, we want to offer you some tips that will help you to successfully carry out the education of your Pomeranian:

1. Consistency is key in dog training.

Training is a constant and gradual process, where each exercise must be properly absorbed, memorized and executed to perfection. You will need patience and lots of love to properly train your Pomeranian, as he will need to assimilate the commands, one by one. If you feel you do not have enough time, you can look for a professional trainer.


2. Know when and how much to teach. 

Training sessions with your dog should be short, but regular. The ideal is to dedicate 10 to 15 minutes of each day to practice with your dog, so you don’t overload him and maintain an optimal constancy. If you want to do several sessions, you can do one in the morning and another one in the afternoon.


3. Identify how and where to teach

The exercises should be practiced one by one to allow their complete understanding and perfect execution. Each dog will need its own time to understand, memorize and fully execute each command, which may also vary according to the complexity of the exercise. To favor your dog’s concentration, you will also need to choose the most suitable place to teach him, avoiding noisy places or places with an excess of stimuli (aromas, sounds, people, dogs, etc.).


4. Use positive reinforcement to educate.

Positive reinforcement is the best method to teach and stimulate the intelligence of your Pomeranian. Remember that exposing your best friend to contexts of high stress and/or intense fear, by punishing them physically or emotionally, damages their health and favors the development of numerous behavioral problems, such as aggressiveness, fear or phobias.


5. Review the learned commands.

 Each taught command needs to be reviewed to reaffirm its learning and not to be forgotten. To do this, set aside 1 or 2 days a week to reinforce the exercises already assimilated with your dog.

pomeranian running on leaves

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